photo retrieved from : http://www.parenthood.com/article-topics/3_resolutions_for_parents.html
When considering parental warmth, it is useful to reflect on what is not warmth: rejection, criticism, and hostility.
For some reminders on interacting with warmth and encouragement, see these reources:
This article on Family Checkup: Positive Parenting lists five important parenting skills: encouragement, communication, negotiation, setting limits, and supervision.
More on parental encouragement
Communicating and Connecting with teens